Venus

Venus over 2 days

Venus photographed by Mariner 10 as it passed, being gravity assisted by the planet on its journey. 7&8 February 1974.

Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

“…the evening star, the morning star, or the shepherd’s star–has never failed to attract the rapturous admiration of the most indifferent observers…”

Jules Verne’s “Venus in Perilous Proximity”
Venus factfile 
Position from the sun2nd planet
Diameter 12,100 km
Distance from sun108,210,000 km
Day length 243 days
Year length 224 days
Number of moons0
Surface temperature462 °C
Surface gravity8.87 m/s2
AtmosphereCarbon dioxide, nitrogen
Sulfuric acid clouds
Fun fact: The air pressure on Venus’ surface is about the same as 1 kilometre underwater on Earth!
Venus in UV light

Fun fact: Venus rotates the opposite way to most planets – the Sun rises in the west and sets in the east!

This image was taken by looking only at ultraviolet light.

Image credit: L. Esposito (University of Colorado, Boulder), and NASA/ESA


Activity

Draw a picture of your design for a base for astronauts to live on Venus.

Remember all the problems that Tanno and Iguda had when they visited Venus: the hot temperatures and pressures, and the thick atmosphere, including sulfuric acid clouds. It also has volcanoes at the surface, which they missed as they didn’t land their spaceship, the Widget.

Label your picture to explain what features your base has to help overcome those problems.


Moon landing sites for Apollo missions
Click to go to The Moon secret page